Red-crested Cardinals are birds native to Brazil. They are much smaller then standard Cardinals. As the name suggests, their heads are covered in red feathers. The rest of their body has black and grey feathers. Pedro, a supporting character in Rio and Rio 2, is a Red-Crested Cardinal.
The Red-crested Cardinal (Thurapidae Paroaria) - as the name says - gets its common name from its distinctive red head and prominent crest. Adult's average size is around 7.5 inches (19.05 centimeters), with a dark grey upper body, white hindneck and underparts, bright red head, crest, and upper breast, silver-grey bill and dark legs. The juveniles' appearance are similar to the adult but with head crest and upper breast.
Distribution and HabitatThe Red-crested Cardinals scatters throughout the mid-section of South America, covering southeastern Brazil, eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina. In nature, they inhabit in semi-open environment with scattered trees and shrubbery, especially near water. It was also introduced to the Hawaiian Islands around 1930.
During the annual breeding season, the birds stay exclusively in pairs. Male and female will maintain continuous contact through vocalizations.
Feeding and Diet
Red-crested Cardinals mainly feed on plant seeds, fruits, berries, and insects. The known insects that they feed are such as waxworms, mealworm, small cricket. Red-crested Cardinals generally search for seeds and small arthropods on or near the ground.
Mating and Reproduction
The Red-Crested Cardinal breeding season is between October and November of each year. After mating, the cardinal pair will help together building their nest using small-size materials such as sticks, pine needles and pliable twigs, finalized by hemp string cut into 2 inches lengths and unraveled scattered about the flight. A female cardinal lays from 2-5 eggs per one breeding season and they will hatch within 12-13 days of incubation.  The juveniles will leave their nest between 2-3 weeks after hatching.
- Main article: Red-crested Cardinal/Gallery