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House Sparrow

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House Sparrow
Background information
Taxonomy Birds
Status Least concern
Range North America
South America (except for Amazon Rainforest)
South Africa
Europe
Middle East
Russia
Central Asia
South Asia
Eastern Australia
New Zealand
Habitat Urban cities
Buildings and structures
Grasslands
Countrysides
Feathers, fur Bistre wings
Light grey body
Bisque talons
Light brown beak


House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. A small bird, it has a typical length of 16 cm (6.3 in) and a weight of 24–39.5 g (0.85–1.39 oz). Males have brighter black, white, and brown markings and females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey. One of about 25 species in the genus Passer, the House Sparrow is native to most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. Its intentional or accidental introductions to many regions, including parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas, make it the most widely distributed wild bird.

The House Sparrow is strongly associated with human habitations, and can live in urban and rural settings. Though found in widely varied habitats and climates, it typically avoids extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts away from human development. It feeds mostly on the seeds of grains and weeds, but it is an opportunistic eater and commonly eats insects and many other foods. Its predators include domestic cats, hawks, owls, and many other predatory birds and mammals.

The worldwide population for these birds is 540 million. However, there has been a big decrease in population in the past 3 years, as much as more than 3%.

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