Golden Conure
Background information
Taxonomy Birds
Status Vulnerable
Range Brazil
Habitat Rainforest
Feathers, fur Yellow with green at the tip of each wing.

The Golden Conure (Guaruba guarouba), also known as the Golden Parakeet, is a species of bird native to Brazil, South America. Most of their feathers are gold, but a few at the end of their wings are green. The Golden Parakeet or Golden Conure, Guaruba guarouba, formerly classified as Aratinga guarouba, is a species of Neotropical parrot. Sometimes known as the Queen of Bavaria Conure, it is the only species (monotypic) in the genus Guaruba.

In the movie, Rio, they are seen in the beginning singing Real in Rio with the other birds and at the end of the film. In the beginning, a Mother Golden Parakeet or Conure is seen with a nest of three babies, and at the end a few Conures are seen flying with Jewel, Toucans, and other exotic birds. However, the species do not occur in the state of Rio de Janeiro.

In Rio 2, a number of Golden Conures are seen at the New Year's celebration. One is playing drums, while others are dancing. Much later, a Golden Conure mother and her eggs are briefly shown, their tree under threat from a logger's bulldozer. Blu saves them by taking the bulldozer's keys out of its ignition, stopping it.


The golden conure is 13 inches long. Its plumage is mostly bright yellow, hence its common name, but it also possesses green remiges. It has a large gray beak, pale-pink bare eye rings, brown irises, and pink legs. However, juveniles are different in appearance. Juveniles are duller, and have less yellow feathers then the adults. The juvenile's head and neck are mostly green, the back is green and yellow, the upper side of tail is mostly green, and the the breast is greenish. Juveniles also have pale gray eye rings and brown legs.


Although seen in the Tjucca Forest in the movie Rio, it really lives in the drier, upland rainforests in Amazonian Brazil. Its range is estimated to be limited to about 174,000 kilometers between the Tocantins, lower Xingu, and Tapajós Rivers in the Amazon Basin.


It is threatened by deforestation and flooding, and also by the now-illegal trapping of wild individuals for the pet trade. It is a vulnerable species, listed on CITES appendix I. You can't even have a captive bred bird unless you have a permit. The current population is estimated to be between 10,000 to 20,000.


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