Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: Cristo Redentor) is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue in the world. The reinforced concrete-built and soapstone-tiled statue stands at 30 meters (98.42 feet) high (not including it's 8 metre pedestal and stretches 28 meters (91.86 feet) wide from one hand to the other. The statute weighs 635 metric tons and was built between the years 1922 and 1931. The statue is located on the peak of the 700 metre tall Mount Corcovado, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The statue was created by French Sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. The monument is currently listed as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World and as a symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil.
The idea of erecting a large statue atop Mount Corcovado was first suggested in the mid-1850s, when Vincentian priest Pedro Maria Boss requested financing from Princess Isabel to build a large religious monument. Princess Isabel did not think much of the idea and it was dismissed in 1889, when Brazil became a republic with laws mandating the separation of church and state. The second proposal for a landmark statue on the mountain was made in 1920 by the Catholic Circle of Rio. The group organized an event called Semana do Monumento ("Monument Week") to attract donations and collect signatures to support the building of the statue. The donations came mostly from Brazilian Catholics. The designs considered for the "Statue of the Christ" included a representation of the Christian cross, a statue of Jesus Christ with a globe in his hands, and a pedestal symbolizing the world. The statue of Christ the Redeemer with open arms, as a symbol of peace, was chosen.
Local engineer Heitor da Silva Costa designed the statue; it was sculpted by Polish-French sculptor Paul Landowski. A group of engineers and technicians studied Landowski's submissions and the decision was made to build the structure out of reinforced concrete (designed by Albert Caquot) instead of steel, more suitable for the cross-shaped statue. The outer layers are soapstone, chosen for its enduring qualities and ease of use. Construction took nine years, from 1922 to 1931 and cost the equivalent of US$250,000 ($3,200,000 in 2013). The monument was opened on October 12, 1931. The statue was meant to be lit by a battery of floodlights triggered remotely by shortwave radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi, stationed 5,700 miles (9,200 km) away in Rome, but poor weather affected the signal and it had to be lit by workers in Rio.
In October 2006, on the statue's 75th anniversary, Archbishop of Rio Cardinal Eusebio Oscar Scheid consecrated a chapel (named after the patron saint of Brazil—Nossa Senhora Aparecida, or "Our Lady of the Apparition") under the statue. This allows Catholics to hold baptisms and weddings there.
The New 7 Wonders of the World
Christ the Redeemer, along with other 6 locations (Great Wall of China, Taj Mahal of India, Roman Colosseum of Italy, Machu Picchu of Peru, Petra Temple of Jordan and Pyramid at Chichén Itzá of Mexico), have been officially announced as the New 7 Wonders of the World on July 7th, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal. These locations had been elected by more than 100 million votes from people all around the globe.
Tourist AttractionSugarloaf Moutain, the Guanabara Bay, the Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean are the points that stand out from the landscape.
In 1990, further restoration work was conducted through an agreement among several organizations, including the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro, media company Rede Globo, oil company Shell do Brasil, environmental regulator IBAMA, National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage, and the city government of Rio de Janeiro.
More work on the statue and its environs was conducted in 2003 and early 2010. In 2003, a set of escalators, walkways, and elevators were installed to facilitate access to the platform surrounding the statue. The four-month restoration in 2010, focused on the statue itself. The statue's internal structure was renovated and its soapstone mosaic covering was restored by removing a crust of fungi and other microorganisms and repairing small cracks. The lightning rods located in the statue’s head and arms were also repaired, and new lighting fixtures were installed at the foot of the statue.
The restoration involved one hundred people and used more than 60,000 pieces of stone taken from the same quarry as the original statue. During the unveiling of the restored statue, it was illuminated with green-and-yellow lighting in support of the Brazil national football team playing in the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
Maintenance work needs to be conducted periodically due to the strong winds and erosion to which the statue is exposed, as well as lightning strikes. The original pale stone is no longer available in sufficient quantities, and replacement stones are increasingly darker in hue.
By Tram CarThe most popular and accessible way to get there is the 20-minute tram ride that winds through the Tijuca forest and up to summit. To reach the tram station, many use the Integraçao Metro ticket, and take the metro bus from Largo do Macho Metro Station (between the Flamengo and Catete stops).
By Car or Taxi
Visitors short on time might consider going by car, or taking a taxi and arranging for the taxi driver to wait while they tour the monument.
For active tourists wanting to experience the Tijuca forest and climb up the Corcovado on their own two feet, there are several hiking trails up to the monument. The hike provides beautiful scenery of the Tijuca National Forest, stops at several waterfalls, and the potential spotting of some Capuchin monkeys.
Role In Movies
The statue first appears in the movie while Linda and Tulio are dining, faintly visible in the background. The statue is later seen when Jewel and Blu are on the Vista Chinesa, faintly visible in the background. It is first clearly seen when Blu attempts to fly with Jewel and fails. After falling, the two land on a hang glider, which then circles the statue. Blu and Jewel are shown admiring the view, but soon, the two birds fall off the hanglider an land in the beach. It also appears after Blu and Jewel have an argument and go their separate ways, which causes Jewel to fly off in anger and sadness. Jewel appears to be flying towards the statue, with Nico and Pedro pursuing her.
The statue is also seen during the trailers and New Years Eve clip of Rio 2. In the trailers and the movie's beginning, Blu and Jewel are seen shooting fireworks near the foot of the statue, and Jewel and their kids fly to the arms of the statue to watch the fireworks. During the New Year´s Eve clip, the birds of Rio, Nico, Pedro, Rafael, Eva, Blu, and Jewel are all seen dancing and singing at the foot of the statue. Luiz was also seen at the foot of the statue. While Bia, Carla, and Tiago were setting up fireworks at a differnt part of the statue.
- It is featured in the following video games:
- Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X.
- Driver 2.
- Tropico 3.
- Tropico 4.
- Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2.
- Civilization IV: Beyond the Sword.
- Civilization Revolution.
- Civilization V.
- Mass Effect 3.
- Angry Birds Rio.
- Gangstar Rio: City of Saints.
- The statue appears in level 3 (Rio) in Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3 for PlayStation 2 and Downhill Jam on Nintendo 64.
- The video for Janet Jackson's Runaway.
- The video for the Latin group Wisin & Yandel's Pam Pam.
- An episode of the Lupin the Third anime series.
- In the remake of Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the statue is seen overlooking the city among the cacophony of screams.
- The statue watches over fictional "Verona Beach" in Baz Luhrmann's Romeo + Juliet.
- The MTV show, Viva La Bam.
- The 2009 disaster film, 2012, in which it crumbles after an earthquake.
- Mr. Magoo.
- The 2011 animated film, Rio.
- The 2011 live-action film, Fast Five.
- The songs "Jesus of Rio" by the band Violent Femmes and "Cristo Redentor" by pianist Duke Pearson featured on trumpeter Donald Byrd's album A New Perspective (1963).
- The 2011 film, The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1.
- In the science fiction anime, Legend of the Galactic Heroes, the planet Heinessen has a giant monument to its founder in which he is posed in the same position as Jesus in the Redeemer statue.
- Karl Pilkington visits the statue on his travels whilst filming An Idiot Abroad.
- Dynamo Magician Impossible performed a trick in front of it for his TV show.
- The video for Titanium from Dutch band Within Temptation.
- The 2012 documentary, Planet Ocean.
- The 1942 Bette Davis film, Now, Voyager. Charlotte Vale remarks on it while on a cruise ship sailing into Rio harbor.
- In the British television series Hustle, Season 6 Episode 2 "The Thieving Mistake", the statue is pictured in the opening sequence as the setting is in Rio de Janeiro.
- The French film, OSS 117: Lost in Rio.
- The 2014 animated film, Rio 2.
- Main article: Christ the Redeemer/Gallery
- ↑ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1435544/Christ-the-Redeemer
- ↑ http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/Europe/The-new-Seven-Wonders-of-the-World/Article1-235487.aspx
- ↑ New7Wonders of the world | World of New7Wonders
- ↑ Christ the Redeemer Statue – 1 of 7 New Wonders of the World (45 Inspiring Pics)
- ↑ A Visit to Christ the Redeemer in Rio | The Rio Times | Brazil News
|Rio (2011) • Rio 2 (2014) • Rio 3 (TBA)|
|Rio: The Series (TBD)|
|Blu • Jewel • Rafael • Nico • Pedro • Luiz • Carla • Bia • Tiago • Nigel • Fernando • Linda Gunderson • Tulio Monteiro • Eva • Mimi • Eduardo • Roberto • Gabi • Charlie • Big Boss • Felipe • Tiny • Claira|
|Multiplayer Party Game • DS version • Angry Birds Rio|
|"Real in Rio" • "Hot Wings (I Wanna Party)" • "Pretty Bird" • "Take You To Rio" • "Let Me Take You To Rio" • "Telling the World" • "Sapo Cai" • "Fly Love" • "Samba de Orly" • "Funky Monkey" • "What Is Love" • "Welcome Back" • "It's A Jungle Out Here" • "I Will Survive" • "Don't Go Away" • "Beautiful Creatures" • "Favo De Mel" • "Ô Vida" • "Bola Viva" • "Poisonous Love" • "Rio Rio" • "Batucada Familia"|